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5 Types of Cyber Insurance Policies You Need to Know

February 08, 2024 - Cybersecurity & Compliance

5 Types of Cyber Insurance Policies You Need to Know

Posted by SymQuest

Today’s modern business environment is filled with cyber threats of all kinds, and they’re only growing in complexity. As organizations integrate more digital tools into their everyday operations, the risks of cyber attacks pose a significant threat to data security, financial health, and a company’s reputation. This highlights the value and popularity of cyber insurance policies. 

Let’s explore cybersecurity insurance and try to understand the role these policies play in safeguarding businesses in the aftermath of a cyber attack.

Understanding Cybersecurity Insurance

Cybersecurity insurance is a specialized type of insurance policy that covers a company financially against the fallout from cyber attacks. These attacks can be quite diverse and include common threats, such as:

While traditional insurance liability and property insurance cover tangible assets, they fall short of covering cyber attacks. Cyber insurance policies cover this gap and cover risks specific to digital operations.

64% of companies experience web-based cyber attacks and 62% experience phishing and social engineering attacks. It’s more likely than not that an organization will face a cyber attack of some kind, making cyber liability insurance a necessity in today's digitally integrated business landscape.

Types of Cyber Insurance Coverage

While insurers often offer various types of cyber insurance coverage, there are several options that are the most common. Here is what businesses need to know.

1. First-Party Coverage

This type of coverage pays for the organization’s expenses directly after a security incident. It’s a crucial element for businesses that rely heavily on digital infrastructure. 

First-party coverage handles several key coverage areas:

  • Data Destruction - Losses due to accidental or malicious damage of data.
  • Online Theft - Financial protection against losses due to cyber theft.
  • Hacking Activities - Covers damage from hacking, including system infiltration and data breaches.

2. Third-Party Coverage 

This type of coverage covers a company’s damages or settlements concerning suits or claims for injury resulting from its actions from an external party. Here are a few examples of how this might work:

  • If a data breach occurs, third-party coverage covers the costs associated with legal claims arising from data breaches that impact third-party personal or financial data.
  • If digital privacy is violated, third-party coverage will cover legal fees and settlements related to these violations of privacy laws or unauthorized data disclosures.

Types of Cybersecurity Insurance Policies

Within cybersecurity insurance, there are several types of policies businesses should familiarize themselves with. 

1. Network Security Liability

Network security liability policies cover specific losses incurred due to network security failures such as hacking or data breaches. These types of attacks are very common and costly. Eighty-three percent of businesses experienced more than one data breach in 2022 — a jarring statistic. Network security liability policies are essential for mitigating the financial losses due to breaches and for maintaining business continuity.

2. Privacy Liability

Privacy liability policies address the financial consequences of breaches in privacy regulations and laws. This policy is especially important for industries that deal with sensitive and confidential data, like healthcare

3. Media Liability

Media liability coverage protects against losses due to intellectual property rights infringement, defamation, and similar incidents related to digital media and content publication. This type of cybersecurity insurance policy is relevant for businesses involved with digital media, content creation, and publication as it safeguards against legal and financial repercussions of content-related liabilities.

4. Network Business Interruption

Network business interruption policies mitigate risks around operational cyber incidents. This could be a simple system failure like a failed software patch or a security failure like a third-party hacking attempt. If a business relies on a network to operate, this policy type can help recover lost profits, fixed expenses, and any additional costs related to the incident.

5. Errors and Omissions 

Errors and omissions (E&O) policies protect businesses in the event that a cyber incident blocks their ability to deliver services to customers or the failure of contractual obligations. This could be a result of errors or performance failures. It also protects against allegations of negligence or breach of contract.

How to Choose the Right Cyber Insurance Policy

The first step in choosing the right cyber insurance policy is assessing the individual business’s needs and risks. Different businesses across sectors and sizes have varying levels of exposure to threats. For example, a large financial institution will face different risks than a small-sized e-commerce business. 

A risk assessment is critical to understanding these threats. This type of assessment will help an organization understand the types of coverage and policies they will need. After a thorough assessment, businesses should carefully review their options, paying close attention to what is covered by policies and what is not. Always weigh the costs of the policy in question against the financial impact of a cyber incident to perform a cost-benefit analysis.

Comprehensive coverage, while not always necessary, can be crucial for certain industries. With the evolving nature of cyber threats, it’s important to have a policy that protects against a broad spectrum of threats and provides flexible terms to counter new threats as they emerge. Some cyber insurance policies have certain requirements, so organizations should review terms thoroughly to ensure they are able to qualify. 

Prepare Your Business Now for Tomorrow's Cyber Threats

While cyber insurance policies can be complex, they’re essential to countering the modern threat landscape that businesses need to navigate. The right coverage will provide a comprehensive safety net that can help protect a business against the potentially devastating financial impacts of a cyber incident. Businesses considering cybersecurity insurance should consult a trusted cybersecurity expert to identify the policy best suited to their needs. 

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Founded in 1996, SymQuest designs, installs, and supports business technologies that handle the information flow of electronic and physical communications. Our technology professionals are committed to delivering legendary computer network and document management service.